Early Childhood

High Quality Pre-K Yields Lifelong Benefits

Mississippi faces a critical problem with children who arrive in kindergarten without the basic skills necessary for learning to take place. Many children arrive with no concept of a letter, a number or a shape; they do not understand that text conveys meaning. Some have no idea even how to hold a book.

Preschool, especially high quality pre-k, has been shown to produce clear benefits in participating students’ early literacy skills and in closing learning gaps between children who reside in low-income households and those from more affluent households.

The Mississippi College- and Career-Readiness Standards call for reading fluency by the end of the kindergarten year. High quality early childhood education can help children develop the pre-literacy skills they will need to read fluently by the end of kindergarten.

Research has shown that when children are provided high quality early childhood experiences they are

less likely to become teen parents
more likely to be employed
less likely to use public assistance programs
more likely to attend and complete college

Sources:
Evidence on Preschool Preparedness, Learning Policy Institute, 2019
Early Childhood Facts, Southern Education Foundation, 2018

Early Learning Collaboratives

In 2013, the Mississippi Legislature for the first time dedicated state funding to pre-kindergarten programs through the Early Learning Collaborative Act. Under this act, state funds are provided to local communities to establish, expand, support, and facilitate the implementation of high quality early childhood education through collaborations between school districts and public and private childcare centers.

State funding was recommended to be $8-million annually for three to five years, increasing to $16-million annually in the second phase and $34-million annually in the final phase. For the first three years of the program, the Legislature appropriated $3-million annually, improving to $4-million annually for two succeeding years, then reaching $6.5-million for 2018-2019.

In 2019-2020 the program’s state funding is $6.7-million. Per-student state funding is $2,150. Advocates and early learning professionals have noted that the current per-student funding is insufficient to provide the high quality early education experience demanded by Mississippi’s standards. Senate Bill 2286, under consideration in the 2020 Legislative Session, includes a provision to increase per-student state funding to $2,500. 

Currently, 18 Early Learning Collaboratives are operating across Mississippi, with a total of  186 four-year-old classrooms.

Mississippi: 1 of 4 States Meeting All National Benchmarks for Early Education Quality

Mississippi is one of only four states that meets all 10 of the benchmarks set by the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) for minimum quality standards in state-funded pre-k programs.

While quality standards are high, funding and access challenges persist. NIEER ranks Mississippi 42nd in providing access to state-funded pre-k programs, with current capacity to serve only eight percent of the state’s four-year-olds. In state spending on pre-k, Mississippi ranks 41st.
 

Source: 
State of Preschool 2019 – National Institute for Early Education Research

Earlychildhoodboy

Investing in Early Childhood Education

For every dollar spent on participants in the Chicago Child Parent Centers, researchers claim that $10 is returned by age 25 either in benefits to society – such as savings on remediation in school and on the criminal-justice system – or directly to the participant, in the form of higher earnings. The Chicago Child Parent Centers, started in 1985, were created in the public schools of Chicago for low-income African American and Hispanic families with children from ages 3- to 9-years-old. Source: Education Week

Economists and business groups across the nation have documented the importance of early childhood education as an investment in economic development. For example, the Business Roundtable (representing America’s top 500 corporations), the Committee for Economic Development (a 60-year-old national business group), and the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis have issued reports demonstrating that high-quality pre-k programs provide the best long-term investment for economic growth. In their words, the economic return “on investment from early childhood development is extraordinary.” Pre-k offers “greater potential returns and substantially less risk” than state subsidies and incentives that try to attract plant locations, company headquarters, office towers, entertainment centers or professional sports stadiums and arenas.

The Learning Policy Institute provides a clear conclusion: “Preschool pays for itself.” With economic returns on investment ranging from $2 per $1 invested to $17 per $1 invested, “no cost-benefit analysis of a preschool program has ever found zero return, and any return that exceeds $1 for every $1 spent means the program more than pays for itself.”